Orthopaedics is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Orthopaedic surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions.
Orthopaedic surgeons provide a wide range of services, including the treatment of fractures, sports injuries, arthritis, spine disorders, and congenital disorders of the musculoskeletal system. They also perform joint replacement surgeries, such as hip and knee replacements, as well as other surgical procedures to correct musculoskeletal problems.
Orthopaedic surgeons use a variety of diagnostic tools and techniques to evaluate patients, including X-rays, MRI scans, and CT scans. They also use physical exams to evaluate a patient's range of motion, strength, and other factors related to musculoskeletal health.
Treatment for orthopaedic conditions varies depending on the specific condition and its severity. Orthopaedic surgeons may recommend non-surgical treatments, such as physical therapy, medications, or injections, before considering surgery. When surgery is necessary, orthopaedic surgeons use the latest techniques and technologies to provide the best possible outcomes for their patients.
Orthopaedic surgeons play a critical role in helping patients maintain mobility, reduce pain, and improve their overall quality of life.