Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. This includes the brain, spinal cord, and all the nerves that connect them to other parts of the body.
Neurologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological conditions, which can range from relatively common conditions like headaches and migraines to more serious conditions like stroke, epilepsy, and Parkinson's disease. They also treat disorders of the peripheral nervous system, such as neuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Neurologists use a variety of diagnostic tools and techniques to evaluate patients, including neurological exams, imaging studies (such as CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans), and electrophysiological tests (such as EEG and EMG).
Treatment for neurological conditions varies depending on the specific condition and its severity. Neurologists may prescribe medications, recommend physical therapy or occupational therapy, or suggest surgical interventions in some cases. They also work closely with other healthcare providers, such as neurosurgeons, to provide comprehensive care to patients.